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VernaStern
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The abstract tells you all you need to know about the thesis

Students have been fiddling with thesis summaries this autumn(s). Often, a hastily prepared abstract is cut and pasted directly from the thesis text, leaving the whole inconsistent. The best summaries are written as a completely independent text, without copying the text of the thesis.

In the abstract, the student summarises the main points of the thesis in 3-4 paragraphs. At Metropolia, the abstract is written in the abstract pad, which has its own boxes for the bibliographic information of the thesis and for the keywords of the thesis. The actual summary box can hold about 2 500 characters (with spaces). The abstract is written in Finnish and English. The translation does not have to be verbatim, the main thing is that the translation itself contains all the relevant information about the help with my essay.

The abstract should function as an independent text so that the reader can get a good idea of the content of the thesis. The abstract should not include figures, tables, a separate list of references or detailed references. However, the main background theories or studies may be mentioned. In the summaries of theses and dissertations, the connection of the thesis to working life and the usefulness of the results in working life are emphasised. Usually, the abstract consists of the following paragraphs:

1) Background and objective of the thesis: what is the need addressed by the thesis? What challenges does it address? Who commissioned the work or who are the partners in working life? (Do not include names.) What are the key concepts and theories of the thesis?
2) Implementation, materials and methodology: How was the work carried out? What are the stages of the thesis? If there is material involved, the summary should explain how the material was collected and how it was analysed.
3) The main results or outputs. In an UAS, the output of the thesis may be a package of materials useful to the working world (e.g. a guidance booklet, a website, an induction folder) or an event organised for the target group (an activity day, a series of lectures, an online course).
4) Conclusions and suggestions for improvement: what are the benefits of the thesis for working life? Who can benefit from the results/outputs and how? How can the results/outputs be transferred to practical working life? What was left out of the analysis? What should be done in the future?

The length of the paragraphs is the best indicator of the weight of the different parts of the thesis. If the thesis is theory-driven, the section on background and theory will be longer than the section on development proposals. If, on the other hand, the thesis is specifically about developing something new for the world of work, the conclusions and development proposals section is the longest in the summary.To save time, you can turn to college essay writing help. They can help you write even the most difficult essay.

The results of the study are presented in the present tense (The results show that early childhood educators consider transition situations important...), while the work phases are presented in the imperfect (The interviewees were selected from collaborative day-care centres so as to include both kindergarten teachers and childminders; 32% of the interviewees were male). In general, the abstract uses the passive voice, even if the thesis otherwise uses the first or we forms (The thesis examines...) The third person can also be used (The thesis highlights, The results illustrate how...)

In their own box, keywords describe the content of the thesis in 3-4 words (e.g. pedagogical documentation, inclusion, carers). A variety of glossaries can be used to help you choose the keywords. A model for keywords can be found in previous theses. In problematic situations, the library can also help you to think about keywords.

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